What are osteoporosis and osteopaenia?
Osteoporosis is a condition where a person’s bones become thin, weak and fragile. The bone is referred to as having low bone mineral density (BMD) and the person is at an increased risk of fractures (broken bones). Osteopaenia is a condition where the bones have lower than normal bone mineral density, but not low enough to be classified as osteoporosis.
What is the best exercise for people with osteoporosis and osteopaenia?
• Weight-bearing exercise is the best type of activity for patients with osteoporosis and osteopaenia, because it is the pressure/load placed on the bones of our body that stimulates new bone mineral production.
• Weight-bearing exercise for the lower limb and spine includes any exercise where you are on your feet, ideally with mild impact such as walking.
• For more advanced patients, this can also include jogging, hopping exercises and certain sports. For both the upper and lower body, resistance training should also be included.
• Resistance training is exercises where you use weights, elastic bands or bodyweight to push or pull against resistance.
• In addition to this, balance exercises are an important component of an exercise program for someone with osteoporosis or osteopaenia. Balance exercises should be challenging but achievable and always performed with safety being the highest priority.
Our Exercise Physiologists at Glebe Physio are professionals who are trained in the safe and effective prescription of exercise for people with conditions such as osteoporosis and osteopaenia. At Glebe Physio, we offer one-on-one appointments to individually assess your situation and tailor an exercise program for you, as well as fully supervised classes for those who enjoy exercising in a group environment.